Maharashtra was the first state in the country to take a decision to tackle malnutrition in ‘Mission – mode’.
The first phase of the Health and Nutrition Mission was set up in 2005, and the second phase in November 2011.
The aim of the Mission is to reduce child malnutrition in Maharashtra by focusing on the first 1000 days from conception, i.e. the period of -9 to 24 months.
Though technically under the Women & Child Development dept., in practice the Mission works as an antonomous technical and advisory body fully funded by Unicef.
It aims at improving convergence and coordination between Health and ICDS.
The recent Nutrition Survey (CNSM - 2012) conducted by IIPS Mumbai shows encouraging improvements in the nutritional status of children in Maharashtra over the last 6 to 7 years,
with marked reduction in the incidence of under – weight, wasting and stunting in children below 2 years of age. This can be attributed to several initiatives under NRHM,
the expansion of the anganwadi network and the efforts of the Mission.
As per the latest Nutrition Survey In Maharashtra (CNSM 2012), all measures of malnutrition have reduced substantially in the last 6 years, including stunting and wasting.
Why and how was Maharashtra able to reduce malnutrition?